Carfax & AutoCheck terms


CARFAX receives information about accidents in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Canada. Different information in a vehicles history can indicate an accident or damage, such as: salvage auction, fire damage, police-reported accident, crash test vehicle, damage disclosure, collision repair facility and automotive recycler records. Not every accident or damage event is reported and not all reported are provided to CARFAX. Details about the accident or damage event when reported to CARFAX (e.g. severity, impact location, airbag deployment) are included on the Vehicle History Report. CARFAX recommends you obtain a vehicle inspection from your dealer or an independent mechanic.

Occurs when the driver, passenger or side airbag has been used or deployed during a crash or other incident. If an airbag has been deployed, it must be replaced by a qualified technician. Have this car inspected by a mechanic prior to purchase. Use CARFAX Airbag Tips to make sure this vehicles airbag system is functional.

Dealers and institutions (i.e. fleet companies, rental car companies, and manufacturers) sell millions of cars at auction each year. Sellers often provide disclosures about a vehicles damage, mileage, or repair history. These disclosures are made available to potential buyers in pre-sale lists and in auction announcements.

Auto auctions provide CARFAX with odometer readings for vehicles bought and sold at auction. Approximately 31% of used cars sold at dealerships are purchased at auto auctions.

Vehicles sold at an automotive recycler are often totaled by insurance companies. The majority of these vehicles are 1) rebuilt and sold as a complete vehicle, 2) dismantled and sold for parts, or 3) scrapped and sold as metal. On occasion, they also handle vehicles with no specific damage history.

A title is bonded when the owner has no proof of ownership during the titling process. The bond remains in effect for three years or until the vehicle is no longer registered in the state.

Vehicle previously registered or titled outside of the U.S. and may not comply with U.S. safety and emissions standards.

CARFAX receives damage reports for many accidents occurring in the following Canadian Provinces: Ontario, Alberta, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, Yukon territories, Northwest territories, and Nunavut. These reports may be completed following an accident or other incident. Some include a damage claim amount. This amount represents physical damage to the vehicle and depending on the accident, damage to other vehicles and/or property. It does not include expenses like towing, a rental car or any medical related items.

An insurance company declares a vehicle a total loss if the estimated repair cost, plus the salvage value of the damaged vehicle, exceeds the cash value of the vehicle before it was damaged. A Canadian vehicle declared a total loss may require a technical inspection before it can return to the road.

Accidents, service records, number of owners and many other history factors can impact a vehicles value. The CARFAX History Impact is a tool that analyzes millions of used car transactions to measure how the combination of all the information reported to CARFAX impacts the value of a particular vehicle. The vehicles retail book value plus the CARFAX History Impact will give you a more accurate measure of the vehicles value. Use this tool, along with a vehicle inspection and test drive, to make a better decision about your next used car.

Many manufacturers have certified pre-owned programs that promote used vehicles that meet high standards defined by the manufacturer. Each program has a different certification process.

A collision repair facility specializes in repairing vehicle damage caused by accidents and other incidents. A vehicle inspection completed by your dealer or a professional inspector is recommended.

Vehicle was registered for business purposes.

Vehicles used in crash tests are supposed to be sold as junk vehicles. Institutions that test these vehicles disclose this information to CARFAX to help ensure they do not end up back on the road.

A curbstoner is a person who purchases vehicles at volumes that require a dealer license and then poses as a private seller to sell to unsuspecting buyers for a large profit. Curbstoning is illegal in most States. CARFAX analyzes a vehicles history for specific events to determine if a vehicle is potentially at risk for curbstoning. For instance, a vehicle that has been sold at auction but not issued a new title during a given period of time. Please see the CARFAX Curbstoning Tips for other ways to identify a potential curbstoner.

When the owner discloses to a DMV or other CARFAX source that the vehicle sustained damage. The extent of damage can range from minor to severe. CARFAX recommends you have this vehicle inspected.

Refers to the date when the transaction occurred.

Dealer Service Companies assist auto dealers in managing their inventories. These companies offer data services in the areas of mass marketing, maintenance notification, unit labeling and advertising. Not all dealer service companies report information to CARFAX.

The vehicle sustained major damage to one or more major component parts and the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value. When a Dismantled title is issued, the vehicle may be used only for parts or scrap metal. It cannot be re-titled or returned to the road.

A vehicle with a 5-digit odometer cannot accurately track mileage after 99,999 miles because the odometer rolls over. This title is the result of a seller certifying under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading EXCEEDS MECHANICAL LIMITS of the odometer.

In most states, odometer law requires that vehicles less than 10 years old report odometer readings. Vehicles over 10 years old are often exempt from this requirement and do not need to provide odometer readings.

The emissions check performed during a vehicle inspection indicated the vehicle was emitting more than allowable emissions standards and/or had missing or modified parts. Repeated failed emissions records can indicate engine problems and CARFAX recommends you have the vehicle inspected.

The Federal Odometer Act requires a seller to disclose the vehicles mileage on the title when ownership is transferred. Congress enacted this Act to prohibit odometer tampering and to protect consumers from mileage fraud. Under this act, sellers must disclose any issues with the vehicles odometer. These disclosures translate into the Exceed Mechanical Limits and Not Actual Mileage titles.

CARFAX receives information on vehicle fires from most U.S. jurisdictions. These events are taken from the actual fire department reports compiled at the scene.

The vehicle sustained major damage due to fire. In most states, fire damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.

When the first owner(s) obtains a title from a Department of Motor Vehicles as proof of ownership.

Fleet Management Companies manage the financing, insurance, maintenance and repair of corporate or government fleet vehicles. Fleet companies are typically self-insured. Several fleet companies provide CARFAX with the repair and damage history of their vehicles.

Vehicle was registered or sold to a company that manages vehicle fleets.

States issue flood titles when a vehicle has been in a flood or has received extensive water damage.

The Ford Motor Company provides Carfax with recall information regarding safety, compliance and emissions programs announced since 2000 for a specific vehicle. For complete information regarding programs or concerns about this vehicle, please contact a local Ford or Lincoln Mercury Dealer.

CARFAX reports display important information in the General Comments column of the Detailed Vehicle History. Comments will vary, depending on the information provided by the source.

Vehicle previously registered or titled outside of the U.S. and may not comply with U.S. safety and emissions standards.

A Gross Polluter is a vehicle that fails an emissions inspection with below-standard scores. These vehicles can pollute as much as 18 times more than a vehicle that passes an emissions inspection. It is illegal to drive or sell a gross polluting vehicle in California, and it cannot be registered with the DMV. CARFAX recommends checking the latest Vehicle Inspection Report to confirm the proper repairs have been completed before purchasing.

The vehicle sustained major damage due to hail. In most states, hail damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.

CARFAX receives data from thousands of data sources. The information source refers to the source or provider of the vehicle history information reported in the Vehicle History Report.

Many states or counties require annual or biennial emissions and/or safety inspections. Odometer readings are collected at the time of the inspection.

A Junk Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds ~ 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. The majority of states use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage.

When someone leases a car from a dealer, the dealer actually sells the vehicle to a leasing company. The leasing company then collects payments for the vehicle from the new owner for 24, 36, 48 or more months. A leasing company can be an independent car dealer or a car manufacturer.

A vehicle with major problems that has been repurchased by or had its price renegotiated with the manufacturer. The state marks its official records or issues a title brand for lemon law vehicles. Laws vary by state as to the specific requirements for a "lemon". Most manufacturers issue some buybacks that are not the result of Lemon Laws but rather a courtesy.

A lien is a legal right to the vehicle by a third party to ensure the repayment of a debt or other financial obligation. This often occurs due to an auto loan. Other types of liens include mechanics liens and child support liens. If you are buying, check with the seller to make sure the lien has been resolved.

A loan is when a person borrows money from a financial institution or other type of lender with an agreement to pay back the full amount plus interest over a period of time. Loans are usually guaranteed with assets like a vehicle or home. Until the loan is paid off, the lender will have a lien on these assets and has the right to repossess them if the terms of the loan are not met.

When a vehicle has three or more major parts removed by an automotive recycler.

A DMV or a state agency marks an official document or issues a Manufacturer Buyback/Lemon title when a vehicle has been repurchased by the manufacturer. Not all states issue manufacturer buyback titles and the specific requirements for a lemon law vehicle vary by state.

Automobile manufacturers issue recall notices to inform owners of car defects that have come to the manufacturers attention. Recalls also suggest improvements that can be made to improve the safety of a particular vehicle. Most manufacturer recalls can be repaired at no cost to you.

Manufacturer vehicles are vehicles put up for sale by the manufacturer. These vehicles are typically only available to dealers at special auctions. These vehicles have generally been registered as lease or rental vehicles.

Automobile manufacturers provide recommended maintenance schedules for each of their models. These schedules inform owners of maintenance that should be performed on a vehicle at specific mileage milestones. These schedules are available in the owners manual or at

If a more recent odometer reading is less than an older reading but CARFAX is uncertain whether the discrepancy is a rollback or a clerical error, then CARFAX calls it a "Mileage Inconsistency". In this case, you should verify the mileage with your dealer or a qualified mechanic.

Motor Vehicle Departments issue both titles and registrations to vehicle owners. Each title or registration record on a CARFAX report does not necessarily indicate a change in ownership. New titles and registrations can be created for name, address and lien holder changes; ownership changes; vehicle status changes; registration activity; title corrections; and lost titles.

When a vehicle is sold to a new owner, the Title must be transferred to the new owner(s) at a Department of Motor Vehicles.

The National Insurance Crime Bureau is a not-for-profit organization whose mission is to combat insurance fraud and vehicle theft for the benefit of both insurance companies and the public.

Vehicle was registered by a "not for profit" agency or business.

When the seller certifies, under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading does not reflect the vehicles actual mileage. This may occur because the odometer was tampered with, broken, or replaced.

The Oficina Coordinadora De Riesgos Asegurados S.C. (OCRA) is a Mexican not-for-profit corporation organized to detect, investigate and deter vehicle theft and insurance fraud for the good of its members and the public. It manages and controls databases on stolen vehicles and exported vehicles for the benefit of the insurance industry, law enforcement agencies and the public. OCRA obtains vehicle information entirely from other sources and relies on those sources for the accuracy and reliability of this information. Therefore, OCRA accepts no responsibility or liability for any error or omission in this report. OCRA is proud to assist CARFAX customers in their efforts to better understand a vehicles history.

If a more recent odometer reading is less than an older reading, then the odometer may have been tampered with and "rolled back." CARFAX analyzes the mileage history and the sources of this information to indicate a potential odometer rollback.

Older vehicles often have 5-digit odometers that roll over to zero when the mileage exceeds 99,999.

CARFAX defines an owner as an individual or business that possesses and uses a vehicle. Not all title transactions represent changes in ownership. To provide estimated number of owners, CARFAX proprietary technology analyzes all the events in a vehicle history. Estimated ownership is available for vehicles manufactured after 1994 and titled solely in the US including Puerto Rico. Dealers sometimes opt to take ownership of a vehicle and are required to in the following states: Maine, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania and South Dakota. Please consider this as you review a vehicles estimated ownership history.

Vehicle was registered by the owner for private or personal use.

A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.

When a vehicle is moved from one state to another with no change of ownership.

Vehicle was registered by a rental agency.

When a repossession occurs a vehicle owner fails to make loan payments, and the financial institution holding the title takes possession of the vehicle.

Most vehicles sold at Salvage auctions were declared totaled by insurance companies. Most of these vehicles have sustained significant damage but there are some exceptions. For instance, recovered stolen vehicles are often declared a total loss regardless of the actual damage. Rebuilders and Recyclers purchase these vehicles at auction with intentions to rebuild them or dismantle them for parts.

A Salvage Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds ~ 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage but the majority use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again in that state. The following eleven states also use Salvage titles to identify stolen vehicles - AZ, FL, GA, IL, MD, MN, NJ, NM, NY, OK and OR.

Vehicles that have been dismantled and/or crushed and should not return to the road.

Service Plan Companies market extended warranty plans to buyers of both new and used cars as mechanical breakdown insurance. Information is collected from service plan companies when they issue contracts and when they pay repair claims. Not all service plan companies report information to CARFAX.

A vehicle is reported stolen when it is reported to a state DMV or an insurance company as missing. It is important to verify the status of a stolen vehicle with NICB before purchase to protect yourself. You could be charged with buying a stolen vehicle, especially if it appears that you may have had knowledge that the vehicle was stolen. You may also lose the vehicle without compensation for the purchase price. You can contact NICB to verify a vehicles stolen status by calling 800-447-6282 x 2 or by completing the NICB web form.

In most cases, a vehicle is inspected for structural or frame damage, depending on the body design, after an accident or other incident. All levels of accidents from minor to severe can cause structural / frame damage and in most cases it can be repaired. Having a structural inspection before purchase is recommended.

Vehicle was registered as a taxi or "for hire" vehicle.

A state issues a title to provide a vehicle owner with proof of ownership. Each title has a unique number. Each title or registration record on a CARFAX report does not necessarily indicate a change in ownership. In Canada, a registration and bill of sale are used as proof of ownership.

Title Washing is the process through which a vehicles title is altered to conceal information that would normally be included. This can be accomplished by either physically altering printed documents or reapplying for a title without disclosing its prior history. Since the CARFAX database retains information about branded titles from all 50 states and the Canadian provinces, the CARFAX Report may help uncover potential title washing.

An insurance or fleet company declares a vehicle a total loss when a claim exceeds ~ 75% of its pre-damage value or if the vehicle is stolen and not recovered. This damage threshold varies by company. These companies typically take possession and obtain the title. Not all total loss vehicles result in a DMV-reported branded title. This may occur when an insurance companys definition of a total loss is different than the state DMVs definition for a branded title or when the owner of the vehicle is a self-insured company, like a fleet or rental company.

The U.S. Drivers Privacy Protection Act (DPPA) of 1994, among other laws, restricts the use of personal information such as name and address, to specific purposes. It has therefore always been CARFAXs policy to focus its reporting on vehicles, not people.

This 17 character number is unique to each vehicle. It identifies characteristics of the vehicle, including manufacturer, year, model, body, engine specifications, and serial number.

A vehicle that has been repurchased by the manufacturer. Manufacturers may choose to buy the vehicle back from a customer after repeated repair attempts or to promote customer satisfaction.

Several companies provide data to CARFAX about their fleets. To disclose the true condition of the vehicle, these companies occasionally sell vehicles from their fleets with damage rather than undertake the repairs themselves.

When an odometer rollback is reported to and verified by a state or province law enforcement agency.


Any vehicle, trailer or semi-trailer of a type subject to registration, whether lost, stolen, abandoned or otherwise unclaimed, which has been abandoned on a public highway, public property or elsewhere within the state, including private property.

Accident or Vehicle Damage

Reported accidents or damage events are a result of vehicle collisions or other non-collision incidents such as vandalism or theft. Not all accidents or damage events are reported to AutoCheck. Certain accident or damage events are reported by the source to have resulted in minor, moderate or severe damage to the vehicle, or the events are calculated by AutoCheck to have resulted in minor, moderate or severe damage based on the information reported. It is recommended to have pre-owned vehicles inspected by a third party prior to purchase.


The vehicle has been reported as being assembled by a non-manufacturer. The vehicle may have been adjusted or built from a kit.


The transfer of a property claim, property right, or property interest from one person or entity to another.

Auction Announced as Broken Odometer

A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the odometer is not functioning properly or no longer accurately records the distance that the car has traveled.

Auction Announced as Exceeds Mechanical Limits

A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the actual mileage/kilometers is greater than the odometer allows to be recorded. This commonly occurs with vehicles that have five-digit odometers that have exceeded 99,999 miles.

Auction Announced as Exempt

A wholesale Auto Auction has reported the vehicle exempt from normal or mandatory odometer laws.

Auction Announced as Fleet/Lease

A wholesale Auto Auction has reported the vehicle as a fleet or leased vehicle. Fleet and leased vehicles are often in good condition. Fleet companies have vehicle care guidelines. A vehicle used by a company for an executive is an example of a fleet vehicle.

Auction Announced as Flood Damage

A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that a flood has damaged the vehicle. The vehicle was involved in a flood or may have endured water damage.

Auction Announced as Frame Damage

A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the vehicle has frame damage, which can weaken the structure of the vehicle.

Auction Announced as Grey Market

A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the vehicle was manufactured in another country and may not meet U.S. safety and/or environmental standards.

Auction Announced as Major Damage

Auction reports the vehicle as having major damage.

Auction Announced as Manufacturer Buyback/Lemon

A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the manufacturer repurchased the vehicle or the vehicle may have ongoing mechanical or drivability problems

Auction Announced as Municipal Use

A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that a federal, state or local government agency previously used the vehicle.

Auction Announced as Not Actual Miles

A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the actual mileage is different than the odometer reading.

Auction Announced as Odometer Rollback

A wholesale Auto Auction has reported a possible odometer rollback. This means the odometer has been tampered with or adjusted.

Auction Announced as Odometer Rollover

A wholesale Auto Auction has reported a possible odometer rollover. This commonly occurs with vehicles that have five-digit odometers that have exceeded 99,999 miles.

Auction Announced as Repaired/Replaced Odometer

A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the odometer has been repaired or replaced.

Auction Announced as Repossessed

A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the loan/lien holder has repossessed the vehicle.

Auction Announced as True Mileage Unknown

A wholesale Auto Auction has reported that the vehicles actual mileage is unknown.

AutoCheck Score(sm)

The AutoCheck Score is a rating that allows you to quickly and easily evaluate all of the vehicles history data in one convenient score. The AutoCheck Score Range allows you to compare your specific vehicles AutoCheck Score against similar age and class vehicles to see how it measures up.

AutoCheck AssuredTM (used in commercial applications)

The AutoCheck Assured "status" is used in commercial applications of the AutoCheck service. A vehicle achieving "AutoCheck Assured" status is found to be free of major title brands and other problems, which are serious prior problems with the vehicles history. When the vehicle does not have one of these reported problems, then it can achieve "AutoCheck Assured" status.

Brands or Branded

Words or symbols on the vehicles official title issued by the state DMV that signify the vehicles status or condition. Examples of brands include, junked, salvaged, lemon, rebuilt or reconstructed vehicles; flood, hail, or fire damaged vehicles; totaled vehicles; vehicles with odometers that have been rolled back or exceed mechanical limits; stolen or abandoned vehicles.

Bond Released

Monetary bond that was required by a government agency was returned to the owner or importer.


The vehicle required posting of a bond in order to register or place a title on the vehicle

Broken Odometer

Odometer no longer records distance driven.

CARS (Cash for Clunkers) 2009

Vehicle reported by NHTSA to have been traded-in to be scrapped under CARS (Cash for Clunkers) program in 2009. Vehicle should not be available for retail sale.

Calculated Accidents

Experian receives reported accident/damage information from a number of sources. Sometimes more than one source reports the same incident, which may have different event dates, case numbers or event locations. Other events do not have a date reported; these are included at the top of the report and could have happened at any point in the vehicles history. AutoCheck calculates the number of accidents or damage events, so a report might show two or more reported accident or damage records for the same event. Not all accidents or damage events are reported to AutoCheck. It is recommended to have pre-owned vehicles inspected by a third party prior to purchase.

Calculated Owners

Experian uses a sophisticated process to calculate the number of owners that a specific vehicle might have over time. With older vehicles, the calculation begins with the date of the first title/registration.

Canadian Renewal

Vehicle had registration renewal event reported by Canadian DMV.


The vehicle "class" groups together similar models from different manufacturers. For example, "Mid-range cars - standard" includes the Ford Taurus and the Honda Accord. These vehicle classes are published annually by Automotive News.


The vehicle was registered and used for business purposes (such as a delivery truck, taxi or car rental).

Corrected Title

The State DMV has issued a corrected title for the vehicle.


These are state agencies such as Departments of Motor Vehicles and Bureaus of Motor Vehicles. They typically issue vehicle titles and registrations, and handle individual drivers licenses.


The vehicle has sustained significant damage to the body and/or mechanical components.

Damage Disclosure

This brand was issued because the vehicles seller indicated the vehicle was damaged

Dealer Plates

The vehicle has a license plate registered to an auto dealer.

Driver Education

The vehicle has been used to train individuals to develop driving skills.

Duplicate Title

The vehicle had a duplicate title issued by the DMV.

Emission/Safety Inspection

An approved emission testing station has inspected the vehicle to measure the amount of pollutants the vehicle emits into the environment.

Exceeds Mechanical Limits

The actual mileage/kilometers are greater than the odometer allows to be recorded.

Excluded / Exempt

Vehicle is generally exempt from normal/mandatory odometer law for the following reasons:
  1. Vehicle model year is 10 years or older
  2. Gross weight of vehicle over 16000 lbs
  3. Vehicle is not self-propelled
  4. Titled to the manufacturer

Failed Emission Inspection

The vehicle failed to pass the state emission inspection.

Failed Safety Inspection

The vehicle failed to pass a state safety inspection.

Federal and local agencies

AutoCheck gets data from agencies such as National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA) and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and local agencies like police and fire departments.

Federal Government

The United States federal government used the vehicle.

Fire Damage

The vehicle has sustained damage due to a fire.

Fire Damage Incident

A fire damage incident has been reported by an independent source for the vehicle.

Fleet, Rental and/or Lease Use

The vehicle has been reported as used as a fleet, rental and/or lease vehicle.

Government Use

The vehicle was used by a government agency.

Grey Market

The vehicle was imported into the country and may not meet U.S. safety and/or environmental standards.

Gross Weight Exemption

The vehicle has been exempted from the odometer law after exceeding a certain gross weight.

Hail Damage

The vehicle was damaged significantly by hail.

High-speed Crash Test Vehicle

Vehicle was subjected to a crash test at relatively high speeds and vehicle could have sustained significant damage.

Independent Inspection

The vehicle was inspected by an independent agency other than a state DMV.

Independent Inspection/Theft Deterrent Equipped

The vehicle has been inspected by an independent agency other than the state DMV and found to be equipped with an anti-theft device

Insurance or Probable Loss

This vehicle was reported an insurance or probable total loss due to accident or theft.


The vehicles parts have been salvaged for reuse and the remainder of the vehicle has been destroyed or scrapped. This vehicle has been declared a total loss, is not road worthy and should not be titled again for use on the road.


If after a reasonable amount of attempts the authorized dealer is unable to conform a new vehicle to any of its applicable express warranties, the manufacturer shall either provide its customer with a new vehicle of a like model line, if available, or otherwise comparable vehicle as a replacement, or accept the return of the vehicle from its customer and refund to its customer the purchase price paid for the vehicle less a reasonable allowance for use of the vehicle. Lemon laws vary in the states that have enacted them. Lemon laws may not exist in all states.


A loan/lien is the legal right to take and hold or sell the vehicle of a debtor as security or payment for a debt. Normally, a vehicle will have a lien due to a loan or unpaid repair bill against the vehicle. Check with the seller to ensure that the lien has been satisfied.

Livery Use

The vehicle has been used "for hire" to transport people.

Local Government

The vehicle has been used by a local government agency.

Major Damage Incident

The vehicle has had a major damage incident reported by an independent source.

Manufacturer Buyback

The manufacturer has repurchased the vehicle.

Mileage Discrepancy

There has been an error in a current or previous odometer reading.

Motor Change

The vehicle has had its original motor replaced.

Municipal Use

The vehicle was used or owned by a federal, state or local government agency.

NHTSA Crash Test Vehicle

The vehicle was used for NHTSA crash testing to measure the safety of the vehicle and its passengers.

Non Compliance

The vehicle does not meet governmental vehicle requirements revolving around safety and/or environmental standards.

Non Profit

The vehicle was registered to a "not for profit" entity.

Not Actual Miles

The actual mileage on the vehicle is reported to be different than the odometer reading.

Odometer Problem

The vehicle has odometer-related problems. These may include discrepancies such as not actual miles, a broken odometer, exceeding a vehicles mechanical limits, a mileage discrepancy, or suspect miles.

Odometer Reading From Independent Source

The vehicles odometer reading was provided by an independent source.

Odometer Rollback Evidence

The odometer mileage reported to the DMV on a given date was less than the mileage previously reported. This is an indication of an "Odometer Rollback."

Passed Emission Inspection

The vehicle passed a required state emission inspection.

Passed Safety Inspection

The vehicle passed a required state safety inspection.

Police Use

The vehicle was reported as previously used by a police agency.

Previous Damage

The vehicle was previously reported as damaged.


The vehicle was a salvaged vehicle that was refurbished with new or used parts. An affidavit of repair from the rebuilder or individual making the repairs, stating what repairs were made to the vehicle and that the vehicle is now rebuilt and road operable, may be required to obtain a rebuilt/rebuildable title. These vehicles must also pass a state safety inspection before being allowed back on the road.


Repair or renovation has restored the vehicle.


Reconstructed vehicles lose all identity as to make and model and do not carry the original make, year, and VIN. They usually have been reconstructed from various vehicles.


Vehicle was reported as scrapped or major components removed by a recycling facility.


The vehicle had a registration renewal event reported by a state DMV.


A vehicle that has been constructed specifically by a licensed remanufacturer and consists of any used or reconditioned integral parts, including, but not limited to, frame, engine, transmission, axles, brakes, or suspension. This does not generally include repaired or restored vehicles, or those modified by replacing or adding parts or accessories.

Reported at Auto Auction

The vehicles odometer reading has been reported from an Auto Auction.


The creditors or lessors have invoked legal authority to seize the vehicle due to default on a loan or lease.

Safety Inspection

A state safety office has inspected the vehicle.


A salvage vehicle is a vehicle that has been wrecked or damaged beyond repair; declared a total loss by the insurer; or declared a total loss by reason of theft. When an insurance company as a result of a total loss settlement acquires a vehicle, the insurance company must apply for a Salvage Certificate. If the owner retains possession of a salvage vehicle, the owner must obtain a Salvage Certificate before receiving a total loss statement from the insurance company.

Salvage Auction

An auction has reported the vehicle as a salvaged vehicle. The extent of damage is unknown, and the vehicle may or may not be severely damaged.

Salvage Correction from DMV

The state has corrected a title that was previously branded as "salvage."


The vehicle has been reclaimed for its metal content.

Service Contract Issued

An independent service contract company has issued a service contact on the vehicle.

Special Constructed

The vehicle was altered from the manufacturers original design.

State Government

The state government has used the vehicle.

Storm Area Registration/Title

Storm registration/title refers to information reported to us that a vehicle was registered or titled prior to the storm event in FEMA designated storm damaged area. Storm events can include hurricanes, floods and other natural disasters. While a vehicle may have been reported as titled or registered in an affected area, it may not have been damaged by the storm, or it may have been moved to safety during the storm. We recommend a thorough professional inspection of the vehicle to confirm no storm damage.

Suspect Miles

The state or other authorized officials have identified that the vehicles mileage is suspect due to odometer tampering or other incidents.

Taxi Use

The vehicle is or was used as a taxi.


The vehicle was stolen from its legal owner.

Insurance Claim

An insurance claim was filed because the vehicle was stolen.

Theft Recovered

The vehicle was previously reported as stolen and has been recovered.


The vehicle had a title event reported by the state DMV.

Unknown Odometer Reading

The odometer reading on the vehicle is unknown.


The vehicle is not repairable.

Vehicle Age

The age of the vehicle as calculated from the VIN.

Vehicle Imported From Canada to US

The vehicle has been imported from Canada to the United States.

Vehicle in Dealer Inventory
The vehicle is or has been in a dealers inventory.

Vehicle Service Performed

The vehicle has been reported to have a service or repair performed.

Vehicle Titled or Registered to an Insurance Company

This vehicle was titled or registered to an insurance company. It is recommended to have pre-owned vehicles inspected by a third party prior to purchase.

Water Damage

Any vehicle Title issued to an insurance company due to payment of a claim for flood damage sustained. If issued to a licensed rebuilder, who possesses or acquires a vehicle that is designated as, or for which evidence or information of a "flood vehicle" has been provided, the vehicle is considered a salvage vehicle and designated on an Application for Salvage Certificate in an insurance company or licensees name.

Wholesale Auto Auctions

AutoCheck gets data from auto auctions -- companies that act as vehicle clearinghouses and help you get the vehicle you want by providing retail dealers with cars and trucks that sell best at their store. A vehicle that has been through one or more auctions simply is being moved from one market to another, and does not necessarily reflect the overall condition of the vehicle
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